Karen Swan


This special issue grew out of a workshop sponsored by the Sloan Consortium held in Victoria, British Columbia at Royal Roads University. Researchers and leaders in the field of online learning were invited to the workshop and organized into five teams to address five challenges.


Online Learning,Collaboration,Principles,Sense of Learning Community

Full Text:



Jonassen, D. H. Thinking technology: Toward a constructivist design model. Educational Technology 34(4): 34–37, 1994.

Johnson, D. W. and R. Johnson. Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills, Fifth Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1994.

Slavin, R. E. Cooperative Learning. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1995.

Scardamalia, M. and C. Bereiter. Computer support for knowledge-building communities. In T. Koschmann (ed.) CSCL: Theory and practice of an emerging paradigm,.249–268. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 1996.

Haythornthwaite, C., M. M. Kazmer, J. Robins, and S. Shoemaker. Community development among distance learners: temporal and technological dimensions. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 6(1): 2000. Online:

Swan, K. Building communities in online courses: the importance of interaction. Education, Communication and Information 2(1): 23–49, 2002.

Rovai, A. P. A preliminary look at structural differences in sense of classroom community between higher education traditional and ALN courses. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 6(1): 41–56, 2002.

Garrison, D. R., T. Anderson, and W. Archer. Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education 2(2–3): 87–105, 2000.

Shea, P. C. S. Li, K. Swan, and A. Pickett. Developing Learning Community in Online Asynchronous College Courses: The Role of Teaching Presence. The Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 9(4): 59–82, December 2005.


Copyright (c) 2019 Karen Swan