• Karen Swan
  • Jia Shen
  • Starr Roxanne Hiltz



Online Collaboration, Assessment, Course Discussion, Small Group Work, Collaborative Exams


Assessment can be seen as the engine that drives student course activity, online or off. It is particularly important in encouraging and shaping collaborative activity online. This paper discusses three sorts of online collaborative activity—collaborative discussion, small group collaboration, and collaborative exams. In each of these areas, it provides both theoretical grounding and practical advice for assessing, and so encouraging, collaboration in online courses.


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Empirical Studies