DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF A FRAMEWORK FOR CREATING WEB-BASED LEARNING MODULES: A PEDAGOGICAL AND SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE

Thomas Janicki, Jens O. Liegle

Abstract


Educational content on the Internet is rapidly increasing. Educational institutions and businesses are placing more course material online to supplement classroom and business training situations. Prior researchers have reported that this new web-based training technology (which has its foundation in computer-based training) has not integrated sound pedagogical practices into the
authoring process when developing new tutorials. This research merges theories from the instructional design and web-based design researchers in a framework for more effective web-based tutorials. To test the effectiveness of this model, a prototype computer system is developed. This system named WeBTAS (Web-Based Tutoring Authoring System) is reviewed by two different panels of educators. These panels report that the prototype system does promote five different learning principles as part of the authoring process. In addition the system was implemented on a pilot test basis and its initial observations are that it produces an average of 15% more learning content in the same development time as conventional authoring tools.


Keywords


Asynchronous Learning Networks,Computer-Based Training Instructional Technology,Just-In- Time Training,Web-Based Training

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alavi, M. (1994). Computer mediated collaborative learning: an empirical evaluation. MIS Quarterly, 18 (2), 159-174.

Anderson, J. and Reiser, B.(1985) The LISP tutor. Byte Magazine, 10 (4), 159-175.

Atkinson, J. (1996). Director of Distance Learning Applications, Interview 2/96.

Barrett-Murie, D. (1995). Distance Learning spurs growth in VSAT Market. Satellite Communication, 19 (9), 87-90.

Bork, A. (1986). Advantages of computer based learning. Journal of Structured Learning, 9 (1), 63-76.

Brown, J. (1990). Toward a New Epistlemology for Learning. In Frasson and Gauthier (eds). Intelligent Tutoring Systems (pp. 266-281). Norwood NJ: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Bugbee, A. (1996). Equivalence of paper and pencil and computer based testing. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 28 (3), 282-299.

Cassidy, P. (1995). Virtual Campus: New technology reaches student far beyond the classroom. LAN Times, 12 (26), 86.

Cole K.; Fischer, O.; and Saltzman, P. (1997) Just-In-Time Knowledge Delivery. Communications of the ACM, 40 (7), 49-53.

Cyboran, V. (1995) Designing Feedback for Computer-based Training. Performance & Instruction, 34 (5), 18-23.

Dear, B. (1987). AI and the Authoring Process. IEEE Expert, 2 (4), 17-23.

Dick, W. and Carey, L. (1996). The Systematic Design of Instruction. New York: Harper Collings.

Frasson C. and Aimeur E. (1996). A comparison of three learning strategies in intelligent tutoring systems. Journal of Educational Computer Research, 14 (1), 363-371.

Freedman, R. (1987). Expert systems that teach. IEEE Expert, 2 (4), 16-32.

Gagne, R.; Briggs, L. and Wager, W. (1988). Principles of Instruction Design Third Edition. New York: Holt, Reinhard, & Winston.

Gagne, R.; Wager, W. and Rojas, A. (1981). Planning and Authoring Computer-Based Instruction Lessons. Educational Technology, 21 (9), 17-26.

Goldberg M.; Slari, S. and Swoboda, P. (1996). WW Course Tool: an environment for building WWW based Courses, Fifth International WWW Conference, Paris.

Gubernick L. and Ebeling A. (1997). I got my degree through E-mail. Forbes Magazine, 6/16/97.

Hamalainen, M.; Whintson, A. and Vishik, S. (1996). Electronic markets for learning: education brokerages on the Internet. Communications of the ACM, 39 (6), 51-58.

Hannafin, M. (1992). Emerging technologies, ISD, and learning environments: Critical perspectives. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 40 (1), 463-496.

Hannafin, M. and Peck, K. (1988). The Design Development and Evaluation of Instructional Software. New York: MacMillian Publishing.

Ives, B. (1994). Transforming the Learning Industry, MIS Quarterly, 18 (1), v-vii.

Ives. B. and Jarvenpaa, S. (1996). Will the Internet revolutionize business education and research? Sloan Management Review, 37 (3), 33-40.

Jonassen, D.; Davidson, M.; Collins, M.; Campbell J.and Haag, B. (1995). Constructivism and Computer Mediated Communication in Distance Education. American Journal of Distance Education, 9 (2), 7-25.

Lebow D.; Wager, W.; Marks, P. and Gilbert N. (1996). Construe: software for collaborative learning over the World Wide Web. Proceedings of the AECT collaboration in distance education conference, (pp. 1-15). Tallahassee FL: AECT.

Leidner, D. and Jarvenpaa, S. (1993). The Information Age Confronts Education: Case Studies on Electronic Classrooms. Information Systems Research, 4 (1), 24-51.

Liegle, J. and Madey, G. (1997). Investigations into Technologies for Distributed Learning. Proceedings of the Midwest DSI Conference, Indianapolis: DSI.

Martin, T. (1995). The development of interactive WWW courseware for students of engineering and technology at deakin university. Proceedings of the Australian World Wide Web Conference. Lismore Australia: AUSWEB.

McGee, M. (1998). Save on Training, Information Week, n708, 141-146.

Merrill, M.D. (1997). On Instructional Strategies. Instructional Technology Magazine, 2 (1).

Merrill, M. D. (1988). The Role of Tutorial and Experiential Models in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Educational Technology, 28 (7), 7-13.

Molina, C. (1995). Transitioning to CBT. Performance & Instruction, 35 (9), 26-33.

Murray, T. (1998). Authoring Knowledge Based Tutors: Tools for Content, Instructional Strategy, Student Model, and Interface Design. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 7(1) 5-64.

Murray, T. (1996). From Story Boards to Knowledge Bases, the First Step in Making CAI 'Intelligent'. In Carlson & Makedon (Eds.) Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, Proceedings, (pp. 509-514). Charlottesville VA: AACE.

Niederman, F.; Brancheau, J. and Wetherbe, J. (1991). Information systems management issues for the 1990’s. MIS Quarterly, 15 (4), 475-500.

Patterson, J. and Smith, W. (1994). North Carolina Information Highway, IEEE Network, 8 (6), 12-17.

Robin, B. and McNeil, S. (1997). Creating a course-based web site in a university environment. Computer & Geosciences, 23 (5), 563-572.

Schank, R. (1993). Learning Via Multimedia Computers. Communications of the ACM, 36 (5), 54-56.

Schank, R. (1998). Horses for courses. Communications of the ACM, 41 (7), 23-25.

Setteng, G. (1995). Wireless Infrared network in the Duke paperless classroom. T.H.E. Journal, 23 (3), 87-93.

Solomon, C. (1986). Computers environments for children. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Tennyson R. (1989). Cognitive Science and Instructional Technology: Improvements in Higher Order Thinking Strategies. Proceedings of the Association for Educational Communication & Technology, Dallas TX: AECT.

Ward, E. and Lee, J. (1995). An instructors guide to distance learning. Training & Development, 49 (11), 40-44.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24059/olj.v5i1.1887



Copyright (c) 2019 Thomas Janicki, Jens O. Liegle