Copyright Dot Com: The Digital Millennium in Copyright

Robert N. Diotalevi


With advanced technology come new legal issues. The age of information has given rise to greater concerns about copyright legalities. As new interpretations emerge from Congress as well as the courts, these thorny matters will be at the forefront. Copyright law ultimately affects anyone interested in higher education.

Today the Internet, once a research project, is our largest computer system. The Information Super Highway offers a variety of useful information as one navigates down its maze of URLs, browsers and hyperlinks.

The latest Clinton Administration measure, The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, is a massive complexity of rules and regulations. It will probably serve as a challenge for copyright aficionados, service providers and all involved in the field for some time to come.

This work attempts to address the above issues as well as to explore new concerns in copyright.



Full Text:



ACLU v. Reno, 929 F. Supp.824 (E.D. Pa. 1996).

Templeton, Brad, Ten Big Myths about Copyright Explained, (accessed February 17, 1999).

Litman, Jessica, The Exclusive Right to Read, 13 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 29, at 50-51 (1994).

Schlachter, Eric, The Intellectual Property Renaissance in Cyberspace; Why Copyright Law Could be Unimportant on the Internet, 12 BERKELEY TECH. L.J. 1, Spring 1997.

Crews, Kenneth D., Copyright Law, Libraries and Universities: Working Paper, (accessed February 17, 1999).

Copyright Basics, available from the U.S. Government, http://lcweb.loc/gov/copyright/cirs/circ01.html (accessed February17, 1999).

U.S.C. § 101 et seq. (1994).

U.S.C. § 106 (1994).

U.S.C.A § 102(a) (1996).

Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Tel. Ser. Co., 499 U.S. 340, 349-50 (1991), (accessed February 1, 1999).

Thorner, Benjamin B., Copyright Protection for Computer Databases: The Threat of Feist and a Proposed Solution, 1 VA. J.L. & TECH. 5, Spring 1997,

U.S.C.A. § 102(a) (West 1996).

The U.S. Copyright Website, (accessed Jan. 1,1999).

Radcliffe, Mark F., The Law of Cyberspace for Non-Lawyers, The Cyberspace Law Primer, October 1996,

U.S.C.A. § 101 (1996).

U.S.C.A. § 301 (1996).

United States Department of Commerce, Information Infrastructure Task Force, Intellectual Property and the National Information Infrastructure: The Report of the Working Group on Intellectual Property 10-11 (1995) (known as the White Paper), Office of Legislative and International Affairs, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Box 4, Washington, D.C. 20231,

Cover, Kathi A., The Emperor’s Magic Suit: Proposed Legislation Will Tailor the Copyright Law to Fit the Internet, (accessed Jan.17, 1999).

U.S.C. §§ 408 and 409. The United States Copyright Office: Phone: 202-707-3000 (person); Phone: 202-707-9100 (publications); Fax: 202-707-2600; E-mail: To subscribe to the Newsnet Issue services, put "Subscribe US Copyright” in the body of the message; Web:

Field, Thomas G, Copyright for Computer Authors, Franklin Pierce Law Center, (accessed Jan. 20, 1999).

U.S.C. § 302.

U.S.C. § 2589.

Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, Pub. L. No. 100-568, 102 Stat. 2853 (codified in 17 U.S.C.A. § 101 (West 1996)).

U.S.C. § 107 (1992).

U.S. 569 (1994).

Circular 21 (p. 8), Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1995.

U.S. 569, 114 S. Ct. 1164(1994) at 1174-1179 and 578 n. 10.

Besek, June M., The Evolving Law of Copyright and the Internet: Recent Developments in Fair Use Under the Copyright Act, (accessed December 1, 1998).

Crews, Kenneth D., Copyright and Distance Education: Lawful Uses of Protected Works, (accessed November 16, 1998).

F. Supp. 1522 (S.D. N.Y. 1991).

F. 3d 913 and 916 (2d Cir.1994).

CONFU's draft report:

F. 3d 1381 and at 1393 (6th Cir. 1996).

John Marshall University Law School, (accessed May 1, 1999).

Yale University, (accessed May 2, 1999).

“Guidelines for Creating a Policy for Copyright Compliance," contact Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923; phone: 781-239-0057;

F. Supp.1361 and 1374 (N.D. Cal. 1995).

F. Supp. 1231 (N.D. Cal. 1995).

F. Supp. 1552 (M.D. Fla. 1993).

F. Supp. 1372-73.

Hayes, David L., Application of Copyright Rights to Specific Acts on the Internet, 15 NO. 8, Computer Law 1, August, 1998.

Burcher, Eugene A. and Hughes, Anna M., Casenote, Religious Tech. Ctr. v. Netcom On-Line Communications, Inc.: Internet Service Providers: The Knowledge Standard for Contributory Copyright Infringement and The Fair Use Defense, 3 RICH. J.L. TECH. 5, 1997,

U.S.C. §§ 504-506.

U.S.C. Title 18 § 2319(b).

Circular 21, p. 26.

Bruce, G. and Vogel, David A., Copyright Protection of Software and Compilations: A Review of Critical Developments, Advanced Seminar on Copyright Law, 441 PLI/PAT, p. 382, May 19,1999.

ProCD, Inc. v. Zeidenberg, 86 F. 3d 1447, 1449, 7th Cir. 1996.

Hawkins, Jennifer L., ProCD v. Zeidenberg: Enforceability of Shrinkwrap Licenses Under the Copyright Act, 3 RICH. J.L. & TECH. 6, 1997,

The Copyright WebSite, (accessed February12 1999).

Pub. L. No. 105-304, 112 Stat. 2860.

H.R. 2281 in the House of Representatives, and S. 2037 in the Senate (S. 1121, abandoned with the passage of this legislation). (accessed February 1, 1999). (accessed February 1, 1999). (accessed February 1, 1999).

Radcliffe, Mark, The Digital Millennium Copyright Act,

The Digital Future Coalition, (accessed Dec. 31, 1998).

Statement by the President, Office of the President’s Press Secretary, The White House, October 12, 1998, res.txt.

Now Public Law No: 105-304. (accessed February 6, 1999).

The Software Publishers Association, (accessed February 7,1999).

Oman, Ralph, New Global Treaties Protect Copyrights Online, Law Journal Extra, (accessed February 17, 1999).

Liebowitz, Wendy, Lawyers and Technology: The Sound of One Computer Copy, Law Journal extra, citing The National Law Journal), p. A16, November 2, 1998,

American Library Association News and Views, June 10, 1998,

Press release, Association of Research Libraries, Washington, D.C., Sept. 29, 1998,

Digital Future Coalition, (accessed October 16, 1998).

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, U.S. Copyright Office Summary, (accessed May 13, 1999).

Report on Copyright and Digital Distance Education (see xv, 146, 154-159), U.S. Copyright Office, May 26, 1999,

Mendels, Pamela, U.S. Copyright Proposal Supports Distance Learning, New York Times, May 29, 1999.

McCollum, Kelly, Copyright Office Releases Proposal for On-Line Distance Education, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Vol. XLV, No. 41, June 18, 1999.

U.S. Copyright Office Newsnet Issue 47, U.S.Copyright Office NewsNet, May 18, 1999,

Macavinta, Courtney, Digital Copyright Bill Becomes Law, CNET, October 28, 1998,,4,28060,00.html?owv.

U.S.C. §§ 1204 a & b.

U.S.C. §1201(b).

Discussion Draft on Copyright Considerations for Faculty Authored Multimedia Course Materials, The University of California Committee on Intercampus Information Technology and Networking for Academic Purposes (CINITAP), 1996, (accessed May 16, 1999).

Band, Jonathan, The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, (accessed Dec. 1, 1999).


Copyright (c) 2019 Robert N. Diotalevi