Advances in Cognitive Presence: Introduction to OLJ Special Issue


  • Ayesha Sadaf University of North Carolina Charlotte
  • Larisa Olesova George Mason University, USA North-Eastern Federal University, Russia
  • Nathaniel Ostashewski Athabasca University, Canada
  • Martha Cleveland-Innes Athabasca University, Canada
  • Peter Shea SUNY-Albany




Chi, M. T., & Wylie, R. (2014). The ICAP framework: Linking cognitive engagement to active learning outcomes. Educational Psychologist, 49(4), 219-243.

Garrison, D. R. (2017). E-learning in the 21st century: A community of inquiry framework for research and practice (3rd ed.). London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis.

Hayati H., Idrissi M. K., & Bennani S. (2020) Automatic classification for cognitive engagement in online discussion forums: Text mining and machine learning approach. In Bittencourt, I., Cukurova, M., Muldner, K., Luckin, R., & Millán, E. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Education. AIED 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 12164 (pp. 114-118). Springer, Cham.

Jan, S., Vlachopoulos, P., & Parsell, M. (2019). Social network analysis and online learning in communities in higher education: A systematic literature review. Online Learning, 23(1), 249–265

Kovanović, V., Joksimović, S., Waters, Z., Gašević, D., Kitto, K., Hatala, M., & Siemens, G. (2016, April). Towards automated content analysis of discussion transcripts: A cognitive presence case. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge (pp. 15-24).

Neto, V., Rolim, V., Cavalcanti, A. P., Lins, R. D., Gasevic, D., & Ferreiramello, R. (2021). Automatic Content Analysis of Online Discussions for Cognitive Presence: A Study of the Generalizability across Educational Contexts. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 14(3), 299-312.

Park, H., & Shea, P. (2020). A review of ten-year research through co-citation analysis: Online learning, distance learning and blended learning. Online Learning, 24(2), 225-244.

Sadaf, A., Kim, S. Y., & Wang, Y. (2021). A comparison of cognitive presence, learning, satisfaction, and academic performance in case-based and non-case-based online discussions. American Journal of Distance Education, 35(3), 214-227.

Sadaf, A., Wu, T., & Martin, F. (2021). Cognitive presence in online learning: A systematic review of empiricial research from 2000 to 2019. Computers and Education Open, 2, Advance online publication.

Stenbom, S. (2018). A systematic review of the Community of Inquiry survey. The Internet and Higher Education, 39, 22-32.






Advances in Cognitive Presence Special Issue of Online Learning