Breaking Barriers Through Edmodo: A Qualitative Approach on the Perceptions of University of Malaya Undergraduates



As technology advances forward, we find software and applications are overwhelmingly available for teachers and students perusal. Digital designs for teaching and learning are highly encouraged and anticipated as it prepares students of today for the demands in future workforce. Many educators use available social networks for their classrooms. Despite the use of social networks in education, it does present disadvantages as its invention is geared towards social networking purposes. Therefore, does Edmodo (social learning platform) provide a better alternative? The research aims to elucidate strategies and advantages of executing Edmodo in education. The research employed purposive sampling which led to a total of four undergraduates from a prestigious Malaysian university. The research frameworks were on the theories of constructivism, hermeneutics, symbolic interactionism and interpretivism which are focusing on the process of meaning-making and one’s interpretation of a phenomenon. It aimed to generate insights and sharing through in depth interviews using interview protocol, photographs and concept maps. The study executed open coding to identify the emerging themes, axial coding which focused on finding the themes’ consistency and selective coding whereby core categories were selected in order to illuminate Edmodo’s phenomenon. The findings were presented in a narrative manner. The pedagogical implications are pertaining to how Edmodo breaks barriers in a four walls classroom by enabling students to access learning resources beyond classroom and empowering student-centred learning through; novelty of tasks, suitable learning environment and mobility.


Edmodo, Education, Online learning, Social Learning Platform, Teaching and Learning Strategy

Full Text:



Akbar, H. A., Purwarianti, A., &Zubir, H. Y. (2013).Development of E-Learning with Social Network.In Joint International Conference on Rural Information & Communication Technology and Electric-Vehicle Technology.Bandung-Bali, Indonesia: IEEE.

Anderson, M. A. (2010). Expanding the Power of Primary Sources with Web 2.0.The Media Center, 1-3.

Amrein-Beardsley, A., Foulger, T. S., Toth, M. (2007).Examining the development of a hybrid degree program: Using student and instructor data to inform decision making.Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 39, 331-357.

Buescher, E. (2010). The wonders of educational blogging: Solving classroom issues with Edmodo [White paper]. Retrieved January 10, 2015, from Winthrop University: Eileen_Buescher.pdf

Chu, M. P. (2001). Applying process writing as a cooperative learning strategy to the ESL/EFL writing class.Hwakang Journal of English Language & Literature, 7, 27-39.

Chandler, P. D., & Redman, C. (2013). Teaching teachers for the future: Modeling and exploring personal networks, 27(3), 54—62.

Crotty, M. (1998). The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspective in the research process. London, UK: Sage.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and research design; Choosing among five designs. Thousand Oaks, CA; Sage.

Dalsgaard, C. (2008) Social networking sites: Transparency in online education. Proceedings from EUNIS 2008 VISION IT. Retrieved 24, June, 2014.from

Denzin, N. (2010). On elephants and gold standards.Qualitative Research, 10, 269—272.

Dobler, E. (2012, February). Flattening Classroom Walls: Edmodo Takes Teaching and Learning across the Globe. Retrieved from Centricity/Domain/3150/Flattening%20Classroom%20Walls.pdf

Dzakiria, H. (2004). "The Teacher is Always There, But Isn't". Distance Learners' Perspectives on Distance Learning at Universiti Utara Malaysia (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok.

Dzakiria, H. (2008). Pragmatic approach to qualitative case study research learning by doing: A case of distance learning research in Malaysia. Sintok: Universiti Utara Malaysia Press.

Edmodo.(2014, June).Edmodo Hosts Fourth Annual EdmodoCon Bringing Together More Than 42,000 Educators Worldwide. Business Wire.Retrieved from login?url=

Edmodo.(2016). About Edmodo | How we got started. Retrieved from

Electronic Education Report. (2014, January 31). EER Takes a Look at Popular Education Apps. Retrieved from

Fraenkel, J. R. &Wallen, N. E. (2003).How to design and evaluate research in education (5thed.). New York: McGraw-Hill

Gamble, C., Aliponga, J., Koshiyama, Y., Wilkins, M., Yoshida, K., & Ando, S. (2013). University Students’ Beliefs, Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Communicative Language Teaching. MEXTESOL, 32(2).

Geron, T. (2011).Edmodo Wants To Make Social Networking A Learning Experience. Forbes.Com, 12. Retrieved from

Gywn-Paquette, C. &Tchon, F. (2003). Pre-service Teachers Reflections on Risk-Taking: The Dynamics of Practice and Experience While Experimenting With Innovation During Student Teaching. The Alberta Journal of Educational Research. 49(2), 163- 180

Hung, D., &Khine, M.S. (Eds). (2006). Engaged learning with emerging technologies. Netherlands: Springer

Jacob, S. A., &Furgerson, S. P. (2012). Writing Interview Protocols and Conducting Interviews: Tips for Students New to the Field of Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, 17, 1-10. Retrieved from

Lauritzen, C., & Jaeger, M. (1997). Integrating learning through story: The narrative curriculum. Albany, NY: Delmar.

Lu, J., & Churchill, D. (2013).Proceedings of the 63rd Annual Conference International Council for Educational Media (ICEM): Creating personal learning environments to enhance learning engagement IEEE Annual Conference International Council for Educational Media (Ed.).

Mazer, J. P., Murphy, R. E., & Simonds, C. J. (2007). I’ll See You On “Facebook”: The Effects of Computer-Mediated Teacher Self-Disclosure on Student Motivation, Affective Learning, and Classroom Climate. Communication Education, 56(1), 1-17. doi:10.1080/03634520601009710

Pajares, M. F. (1992). Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research, 62(3), 307-332.

Pop, A. (2013). Edmodo E-portfolios in EFL — A Case Study, 1(1).

Rais, M., Karim, A., &Hashim, Y. (2004). The Experience of the E-Learning Implementation at the UniversitiPendidikan Sultan Idris , Malaysia, 1(1), 50—59.

Raman, K., &Yamat, H. (2014). Barriers teachers face in integrating ICT during English Lessons: A case study. The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 2(3). Retrieved from

Rivero, V. (2013). Tools for learning: Meaningful Connections-What's New in the Social Media Sphere? - Internet@Schools Magazine. Retrieved from http:// Articles/Editorial/Features/TOOLS-FOR-LEARNING-Meaningful-Connections--Whats-New-in-the-Social-MediaSphere-93158.aspx

Stracker, C. M. (2011).Open Learning.The Concept for Modernizing School Education and Lifelong Learning Through the Combination of Learning Innovations and Quality.

Shachter, R. (2011). How to Use Technology to Connect Your Students to a Larger World.Kid to Kid Connections.

Slavin, R. E. (1995).Cooperative learning: Theory, research and practice. 2nd ed Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publication

Tang, E. L. Y; Lee, J. C. K.; & Chun, C. K. W. (2012) "Development of teaching beliefs and the focus of change in the process of pre- service ESL teacher education," Australian Journal of Teacher Education: Vol. 37: Iss. 5, Article 8. Retrieved from

Tidwell, L. C., & Walther, J. B. (2002). Computer-mediated communication effects on disclosure, impressions, and interpersonal evaluations: Getting to know one another bit at a time. Human Communication Research , 28, 317_348.

Thien, P. C., Phan, L. Van, Loi, N. K., Tho, Q. T., Suhonen, J., &Sutinen, E. (2013).Applying Edmodo to Serve an Online Distance Learning System for Undergraduate Students in Nong.

Vernadakis, N. (2012). A comparison of student satisfaction between traditional and blended technology course offerings in physical education.Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 13(1).

Victori, M. & Lockhart, W. (1995).Enhancing metacognition in self-directed language learning. System, 23(2), 223-234.

Wahit, F., &Mohd, M. (2013).Evaluation on Usability of Enhancement e-Learning of PTPL College Sabah with Social Networking Elements. Paper presented at The 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics (ICEEI 2013).

Wang, T. P. (2007). The Comparison of the Difficulties between Cooperative Learning and Traditional Teaching Methods in College English Teachers.Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 3(2).

Wallace, A (2013). Social Learning Platforms and the Flipped Classroom.IEEE.Retrieved from ISBN: 978-1-4673-5094-5/13

Walsham, G. (1993). Interpreting information systems in organizations.Chichester, NH: Wiley.

Wikipedia (2014).In Skype. Retrieved from

Woroniecka, I. (1998). A nonnative student’s reactions to instructors’ feedback on his papers: A case study of an undergraduate history student (Master’s Thesis). University of Toronto; Department of Curriculum, Teaching and Learning; Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto. Retrieved from

Yin, R. K (2011). Qualitative Research: From Start to Finish. United States of America. The Guilford Press.


Copyright (c) 2018 Online Learning