COMPARING STUDENT PERFORMANCE: ONLINE VERSUS BLENDED VERSUS FACE-TO-FACE

David K. Larson, Chung-Hsien Sung

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to perform a three way comparison of delivery modes for an introductory Management Information Systems course to determine if there existed a difference in student success among the delivery modes. The research compares student exam and final grade results in this class that was taught by the same instructor using face-to-face, blended and online delivery modes. An Analysis of Variance test was used on the exam and final grade data to determine if a significant difference existed. Additionally, a discussion of this class in relation to student satisfaction, learning effectiveness and faculty satisfaction is presented. This research demonstrates that there is no significant difference among delivery modes. Additionally, blended and online modes for this class do very well when measuring student satisfaction, learning effectiveness and faculty satisfaction.


Keywords


Online, Blended,Face-to-Face,No Significant Difference,Leaning Mode Comparison

Full Text:

PDF

References


Newlin, M. H., J. L. Lavooy & A. Y. Wang. An Experimental Comparison of Conventional and Web-based Instructional Formats. North American Journal of Psychology 7(2): 327–335, 2005.

Fallah, M. H. & R. Ubell. Blind Scores in a Graduate Test: Conventional Compared with Web-based Outcomes. ALN Magazine 4(2): December 2000.

Mascuilli, A. B. Effectiveness of Teaching Mathematics Online. ALN Magazine 4(2): December 2000.

Reece, M. & B. Lockee. Improving Training Outcomes Through Blended Learning. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 9(4): 49–57, December 2005.

Picciano, A. G. Blended Learning: Implications for Growth and Access. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(3): 95–102, July 2006.

Prendergast, G. Blended Collaborative Learning: Online Teaching of Online Educators. GlobalEducator: April 2004.

Osguthorpe, R. T. & C. R. Graham. Blended Learning Environments Definitions and Directions. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education 4(3): 227–233, 2003.

Aspden, L. & P. Helm. Making the Connection in a Blended Learning Environment. Educational Media International 41(3): 245–252, January 2004.

Sloan-C. Effective Practices, August 2005. Available online: http://www.sloan-c.org/effective/index.asp.

Clark, R. Reconsidering Research on Learning from Media. Review of Educational Research 53(4): 445–459, Winter, 1983.

Kulik, J. A., C. C. Kulik & P. A. Cohen. Effectiveness of Computer-Based College Teaching: A Meta-Analysis of Findings. Review of Educational Research 50(4): 525–544, Winter 1980.

Kulik, J. A., C. C. Kulik & R. L. Bangert-Drowns. Effectiveness of Computer-Based Education in Elementary Schools. Computers in Human Behavior 1: 59–74, 1985.

Kulik, C. C. & J. A. Kulik. Effectiveness of Computer-Based Instruction: An Updated Analysis. Computers in Human Behavior 7: 75–94, 1991.

Kozma, R. B. Will Media Influence Learning? Reframing the Debate. Educational Technology Research and Development 42(2): 7–19, 1994.

Jenks, M. S. & J. M. Springer. A View of the Research on the Efficacy of CAI. Electronic Journal for the Integration of Technology in Education 1(2): 2002. http://ejite.isu.edu/Volume1No2/Jenks.htm.

McLuhan, M. The Medium is the Massage, First Edition, 8. New York: Bantam Books, 1967.

Kenny, R. Teaching, Learning, and Communicating in the Digital Age. Eric # ED470091: 2001.

Federman, M. What is the Meaning of The Medium is the Message? July 23, 2004. http://individual.utoronto.ca/markfederman/article_mediumisthemessage.htm.

Yuen-kuang, C. L. Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Students’ Achievement in Taiwan: A Meta-Analysis. Computers & Education 48(2): 216–233, February 2007.

Cavanaugh, J. K. Are Online Courses Cannibalizing Students From Existing Courses? Journal of Asynchronous Learning 9(3): 95–102, October 2005.

Illinois Virtual Campus. Sharpen the Focus: Fall 2006. http://www.ivc.illinois.edu/pubs/enrollPDF/SharpenFall06.pdf.

Wisconsin Technical College System. Online Courses Make Education Possible for Many Students. http://www.wtcsystem.edu/news/releases/online_courses.htm.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24059/olj.v13i1.1675



Copyright (c) 2019 David K. Larson, Chung-Hsien Sung