ACADEMIC DISHONESTY IN TRADITIONAL AND ONLINE CLASSROOMS: DOES THE “MEDIA EQUATION” HOLD TRUE?

Erik W. Black, Joe Greaser, Kara Dawson

Abstract


Limited empirical research exists regarding the prevalence of academic dishonesty in the online classroom. This limited evidence supports the notion that factors contributing to academic dishonesty in the traditional classroom also apply to online courses. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between factors known to contribute to academic dishonesty in traditional courses with undergraduate students’ perceptions of cheating in online courses. 1068 undergraduates enrolled in online courses completed a survey exploring factors known to contribute to academic dishonesty in face-to-face classes and their perception of their peers’ level of cheating in online courses. Researchers employed bivariate correlations and multiple regression on data obtained from these students. Results suggest factors known to contribute to academic dishonesty in face-to-face classes have little influence in online courses, and results suggest that future research needs to consider whether students who engage in online learning have different ideas about what constitutes cheating.


Keywords


Academic Honesty,Cheating,Distance Education,Survey,Undergraduate

Full Text:

PDF

References


Campbell, C.R., C. O. Swift & L. T. Denton. Cheating goes hi-tech: Online term paper mills. Journal of Management Education 24(6): 726–744, 2000.

Ercegovac, Z. & J. Richardson. (2004). Academic dishonesty, plagiarism included, in the digital age: a literature review. College & Research Libraries 65(4): 2004.

Sterngold, A. Confronting plagiarism: How conventional teaching invites cybercheating. Change 36: 2004. Retrieved March 24, 2007, from InfoTrac database.

Reeves, B. & C. Nass. The Media Equation : How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places. Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Inf; Reprint edition, 2003.

Ferdig, R. E. & P. Mishra. Emotional responses to computers: experiences in unfairness, anger, and spite. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia 13(2): 143–162, 2004.

McCabe, D. L., L. K. Trevino & K. D. Butterfield. Dishonesty in academic environments: The influence of peer reporting requirements. The Journal of Higher Education 71(1): 2001.

Scanlon, P. M. Student online plagiarism: How do we respond? College Teaching 51(4): 161–5, 2003.

Tanner, C. A. Moral decline or pragmatic decision making?: Cheating and plagiarism in perspective. Journal of Nursing Education 43(7): 291–2, 2004.

Underwood, J. & A. Szabo. Academic offenses and e-learning: Propensities in cheating. British Journal of Educational Technology 34(4): 467–77, 2003.

Kerkvliet, J. & C. L. Sigmund. Can we control cheating in the classroom? Journal of Economic Education 30(4): 331, 1999.

Whitley, B. E. Factors associated with cheating among college students: A review. Research in Higher Education 39(4): 1998.

Franklyn-Stokes, A. & S. E. Newstead. Undergraduate cheating: Who does what and why? Studies in Higher Education 20(2): 159–172, 1995.

Wryobeck, J. M., B. E. Whitley & E. Bernard. Educational value orientation and peer perceptions of cheaters. Ethics & Behavior 9(3): 1999.

Born, A. D. Teaching tip: How to reduce plagiarism. Journal of Information Systems Education 14(3): 2003.

Sudman, S. & N. Bradburn. Response effects in surveys: A review and synthesis. Chicago: Aldine, 1974.

Jordan, A. E. College student cheating: The role of motivation, perceived norms, attitudes and knowledge of institutional policy. Ethics & Behavior 11(3): 2001.

SAS. SAS Business Intelligence and Analytics Software, 2006. Retrieved November 9, 2006 from http://www.sas.com/.

Kennedy, K., S. Nowak, J. Thomas & S. Davis. Academic dishonesty and distance learning: Student and faculty views. The College Student Journal 34(2): 309, 2000.

Baron, J. & S. M. Crooks. Academic integrity in web based distance education. TechTrends 49(2): 40–45, 2005.

McCabe, D. L. & L. K. Trevino. What we know about cheating in college. Change 28(1): 28–34, 1996.

McCabe, D. L. & W. J. Bowers. Academic dishonesty among male college students: A thirty-year perspective. Journal of College Student Development 35(1): 3–10, 1994.

McCabe, D. L. & L. K. Trevino. Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. Journal of Higher Education 64(5): 522–538, 1993.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24059/olj.v12i3-4.1681