A DESIGN FRAMEWORK FOR ELECTRONIC COGNITIVE APPRENTICESHIP

Feng-Kwei Wang, Curtis J. Bonk

Abstract


This paper proposes a design framework for constructing a groupware-based learning environment (GBLE) that enables electronic cognitive apprenticeship. The central theme of this framework is that any design of a GBLE must have learning theories as foundations to substantiate the learning effectiveness of this environment. The proposed framework applies the principles of cognitive apprenticeship and case-based learning in designing a learning environment using groupware technology. In this framework, the practice of case-based learning is grounded in cognitive apprenticeship. The theory base of cognitive apprenticeship provides not only more coherent guidance but also opportunities to fine-tune the pedagogy of case-based learning. Groupware tools provide needed functions to enable instructional methods of cognitive apprenticeship. This technological support also facilitates the learning process of learners and thus enhances the effectiveness of case-based learning. Based on this framework, a system titled “Using Notes for a Case-based Learning Environment” (UNCLE) was created to demonstrate the framework's utility.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Salomon, G., Novel Constructivist Learning Environments and Novel Technologies: Some Issues to be Concerned With. Research Dialogue in Learning and Instruction, Vol., No. 1, pp. 3-12, 1998.

Gentry, C. G., Educational Technology: A Question of Meaning. In G. J. Anglin (Ed), Instructional Technology: Past, Present, and Future, Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, Inc, pp. 1-10, 1991.

Heinich, R., The Proper Study of Instructional Technology. ECTJ, Vol. 32, No. 2, 67-87, 1984

Collins, A., Design Issues For Learning Environments. In Vosniadou, S., Corte, E. D., Glaser, R., and Mandl, H. (Eds.), International Perspectives on the Design of Technology-Supported Learning Environments, Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 347-361, 1996.

Brown, J. S., Collins, A., & Duguid, P., Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning. Educational Researcher, Vol. 17, pp. 32-42, 1989.

Lave, J., & Wenger, E., Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Lave, J., Cognition in Practice: Mind, Mathematics, and Culture in Everyday Life. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Collins, A., Brown, J. S., & Newman, S., Cognitive Apprenticeship: Teaching the Crafts of Reading, Writing, and Mathematics. In Resnick, L. B. (ed.), Knowing, Learning, and Instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc, pp. 453-494, 1989.

Glaser, R., Ferguson, E. L., & Vosniadou, S., Introduction: Cognition and the Design of Environments for Learning. In Vosniadou, S., Corte, Glaser, E. D., R., and Mandl, H. (Eds.), International Perspectives on the Design of Technology-Supported Learning Environments. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 1-9, 1996.

Tharp, R., Institutional and Social Context of Educational Reform: Practices and Reform. In Forman, E. A., Minnick, N., and Stone, C. A. (Eds.), Contexts for Learning: Sociocultural Dynamics in Children’s Development. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 269-282, 1993.

Tharp, R., & Gallimore, R., Rousing Minds to Life: Teaching, Learning, and Schooling in a Social Context. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Bonk, C. J. & Kim, K. A., Extending Sociocultural Theory to Adult Learning. In Smith, M. C. and Pourchot, T. (Eds.), Adult Learning and Development: Perspectives from Educational Psychology. Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998.

Vygotsky, L. S., Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Blumenthal, J., Use of the Case Method in MBA Education. Performance Improvement Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 5-13, 1991.

Christensen, C. R., Teaching and the Case Method: Text, Cases, and Readings. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School, 1987.

Hartman, L. D., Business Communication and the Case Method: Toward Integration in Accounting and MBA Graduate Programs. The Bulletin, pp. 41-44, September, 1992.

Romiszowski, A., Introduction (Special Issue on Case Studies). Performance Improvement Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 3-4, 1991.

Williams, S. M., Putting Case-based Instruction into Context: Examples from Legal and Medical Education. The Journal of The Learning Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 367-427, 1992.

Bonk, C. J., Hansen, E. J., Grabner, M. M., Lazar, S., & Mirabelli, C., Time to "Connect": Synchronous and Asynchronous Case-based Dialogue among Preservice teachers. In Bonk, C. J., & King, K. S. (Eds.), Electronic Collaborators: Learner-centered Technologies for Literacy, Apprenticeship, and Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 289-314, 1998.

Shulman, L. S., Revealing the Mysteries of Teacher-written Cases: Opening the Black Box. Journal of Teacher Education, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 263-272, 1991.

Bonk, C. J., Malikowski, S., Angeli, C., & East, J., Web-based Case Conferencing for Preservice Teacher Education: Electronic Discourse from the Field, Journal of Educational Computing Research, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 267-304, 1998.

Bonk, C. J., Medury, P. V., & Reynolds, T. H., Cooperative Hypermedia: The Marriage of Collaborative Writing and Mediated Environments. Computers in the Schools, Vol. 10, No. 1/2, pp. 79-124, 1994.

Wilson, P., Computer Supported Cooperative Work: An Introduction. Exford, England: Intellect, 1991.

Ellis, C.A., Gibbs, S. J., & Rein, G. L., Groupware: Some Issues and Experiences. In Baecker, R. M. (Ed.), Readings in Groupware and Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 9-28, 1993.

Kirkpatrick, D., Here Come the Payoff from PCs. Fortune, Vol. 125, No. 6, pp. 93-99, March 23, 1992.

Kirkpatrick, D., Groupware Goes Boom. Fortune, Vol. 128, No. 16, pp. 99-103, December 27, 1993.

Schrage, M., Shared Minds: The Technologies of Collaboration. New York: Randon House, 1990.

McCarthy, R., Multimedia: What the Excitement's All about. Electronic Learning, Vol. 8, No. 8, pp. 26-31, 1989.

Harasim, L. M., Global Networks: An Introduction. In Linda, L. M. (Ed.) Global Networks: Computers and International Communication. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, pp. 3-13, 1993.

Kozma, R., The Implications of Cognitive Psychology for Computer-based Learning Tools. Educational Technology, Vol. 27, pp. 20-25, 1987.

Amthor, G., Interactive Multimedia in Education: Concepts and Technology, Trends, and Model Applications, Megamedia and Knowledge Systems. T.H.E. Journal, Special Issue: IBM Multimedia, pp. 2-11, September, 1991.

Jonassen, D. H., Acquiring Structural Knowledge from Semantically Structured Hypermedia. A paper presented in the AECT annual convention, Washington, D.C, 1992.

Bonk, C. J., & Cummings, J. A., A Dozen Recommendations for Placing the Student at the Center of Web-based Learning. Educational Media International, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 82-89, 1998.

Wang, F., Using Groupware to Construct a Learning Organization: A Case Study of Enriched Learning and Information Environments. Unpublished dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1998.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24059/olj.v5i2.1883



Copyright (c) 2019 Feng-Kwei Wang, Curtis J. Bonk