Attitudes towards technology among distance education students: Validation of an explanatory model


  • Sonia J. Romero Martínez Distance University of Madrid (UDIMA).
  • Xavier G. Ordóñez-Camacho Complutense University of Madrid
  • Francisco David Guillen-Gamez University of Almería
  • Javier Bravo Agapito Distance University of Madrid (UDIMA)



Attitudes towards technologies, distance education, structural equation models, digital competence, use of technology.


Attitudes towards technology are preconceived notions that have an effect on the teaching-learning process and on the academic-professional performance of students, in particular those who use technology as a means of study. This investigation has two objectives: on the one hand, to test the measuring properties (reliability, factorial structure) of an instrument to measure attitudes and, on the other hand, to propose and validate a model that hypothesizes that digital competence and frequency of use of technologies have a positive impact on same. 1251 students of the Madrid Open University participated. It is a non-experimental, explanatory study using structural equation methodology.  The results show adequate psychometric properties for the test and good adjustment of the proposed model (χ²=163.91, df=37, p<.001) allowing for further exploration of the relationship between use, skill and attitudes in the distance education context and improving the properties of measuring instruments proposed in Spanish.

Author Biographies

Sonia J. Romero Martínez, Distance University of Madrid (UDIMA).

Faculty of Health Sciences and Education

Xavier G. Ordóñez-Camacho, Complutense University of Madrid

Department of Research Methods and Diagnosis, Faculty of Education

Francisco David Guillen-Gamez, University of Almería

Department of Didactics and School Organization

Javier Bravo Agapito, Distance University of Madrid (UDIMA)

Faculty of Technical Sciences and Engineering


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Student Perspectives