Exploring Online Pedagogical Practices for Enhancing Transfer of Learning in Higher Education

Tamara Galoyan, Kristen Betts, Brian Delaney, Mariette Fourie

Abstract


Institutions of higher education play a critical role in bridging academia and workforce, yet college students find it challenging to transfer their learning across and beyond instructional formats, including online, hybrid, and face-to-face. The goals of this exploratory, sequential, mixed-methods study were to (1) explore graduate students’ conceptualizations of transfer, and (2) examine online pedagogical practices for enhancing transfer. Participants included students enrolled in a full-time online graduate degree program in education at a private university in the Mid-Atlantic USA. Findings from the qualitative phase with seven semi-structured interviews were used to design a survey study with 68 graduate students to explore their perceptions of effective online pedagogical practices for enhancing transfer. This study is significant since its findings revealed a number of online practices that instructional designers and faculty can use to optimize learning and transfer in higher education.


Keywords


transfer of learning; online learning; higher education; pedagogical practices

Full Text:

PDF

References


Betts, K., Delaney, B., Galoyan, T., Lynch, B. (in press). Historical Overview of Online Education from 1700s to 2021 in the United States. Journal of Online Learning Research and Practice.

Battig, W. F. (1979). The flexibility of human memory. Levels of processing and human memory, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 23-44.

Beach, K. (1999). Chapter 4: Consequential transitions: A sociocultural expedition beyond transfer in education. Review of Research in Education, 24(1), 101-139.

Bransford, J. D., & Schwartz, D. L. (1999). Chapter 3: Rethinking transfer: A simple proposal with multiple implications. Review of Research in Education, 24(1), 61-100.

Corbin, J. S., & Strauss, A. A. 2008. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory, 3.

Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. P. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Sage publications.

Daffron, S. R., & North, M. W. (2011). Successful transfer of learning. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.

Detterman, D. K., & Sternberg, R. J. (1993). Transfer on trial: Intelligence, cognition, and instruction. Ablex Publishing.

Downs, L. R. (2019). Addressing the skills gap and new opportunities in higher ed. WCET Frontiers.

https://wcetfrontiers.org/2019/05/31/wes-poised-skills-gap-with-partner-schools/

Galoyan, T. & Betts, K. (2021). Integrative Transfer of Learning Model and Implications for Higher Education. Journal of Continuing Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/07377363.2020.1847970

Education Advisory Board (2018, March 5). Students think they are ready for the workforce. Employees disagree. EAB. https://www.eab.com/daily-briefing/2018/03/05/students think-theyre-ready-for-the workforce

Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: Comparing critical features from an instructional design perspective. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 26(2), 43-71.

Gagne´, R. M. (1968). Contributions of learning to human development. Psychological Review, 75(3), 177.

Hora, M. T. (2017, February 01). Beyond the skills gap. NACE.

http://www.naceweb.org/career-readiness/trends-and-predictions/beyond-the-skills-gap/

Johnson, R. B., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Turner, L. A. (2007). Toward a definition of mixed methods research. Journal of mixed methods research, 1(2), 112-133.

Kubsch, M., Touitou, I., Nordine, J., Fortus, D., Neumann, K., & Krajcik, J. (2020). Transferring knowledge in a knowledge-in-use task—investigating the role of knowledge organization. Education Sciences (10) 20.

Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge university press.

Leberman, S., McDonald, L., & Doyle, S. (2006). The transfer of learning: Participants' perspectives of adult education and training. Gower Publishing, Ltd.

Lobato, J. (2003). How Design Experiments Can Inform a Rethinking of Transfer and Vice Versa. Educational Researcher, 32(1), 17-20.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., Huberman, M. A., & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage.

National Research Council. (2012). Education for life and work: Developing transferable knowledge and skills in the 21st century. Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills, J.W. Pellegrino and M.L. Hilton, Editors. Board on Testing and Assessment and Board on Science Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2018). The future of education and skills: Education 2030. OECD Education Working Papers.

Perkins, D. N., & Salomon, G. (2012). Knowledge to go: A motivational and dispositional view of transfer. Educational Psychologist, 47(3), 248-258.

Royer, J. M., Mestre, J. P., & Dufresne, R. J. (2005). Introduction: Framing the transfer problem. In J. P., Mestre (Ed.). Transfer of Learning from a modern multidisciplinary Perspective, vii-xxvi.

Saldaña, J. (2016). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Sage.

Scribner, S., Cole, M., & Cole, M. (1981). The psychology of literacy (Vol. 198, No. 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Selingo, J. (2018, June 22). Hands-on learning is a necessary part of college, but here’s what it doesn’t teach students. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/grade-point/wp/2018/06/22/hands-on-learning-is a-necessary-part-of-college-but-heres-what-it-doesnt-tea students/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.fd014c78b9f7

Schunk, D. H. (1991). Self-efficacy and academic motivation. Educational Psychologist, 26(3 4), 207-231.

Thorndike, E. L., & Woodworth, R. S. (1901). The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions. II. The estimation of magnitudes. Psychological Review, 8(4), 384

Thorndike, E. L. (1924). Mental Discipline in High School Studies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 15(1), 1

Wyman, N. (2018, August 3). Hiring Is on The Rise, But Are College Grads Prepared For The World Of Work? Forbes.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/nicholaswyman/2018/08/03/hiring-is-on-the-rise-but-are-college-grads-prepared-for-the-world-of-work/#7f0de7a74e7e

Quality Matters & Eduventures Research (2021). CHLOE 6: Online Learning Leaders Adapt for a Post-Pandemic World. https://encoura.org/project/chloe-6/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24059/olj.v25i4.2887



Copyright (c) 2021 Tamara Galoyan, Kristen Betts, Brian Delaney, Mariette Fourie

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/