Development and Validation of the German Version of the Community of Inquiry Survey




Community of Inquiry, Higher Education


The Community of Inquiry (CoI) Framework describes success factors for collaborative online-based learning. The CoI Survey is a validated instrument to measure these factors from the perspective of course participants. Until now, no validated translation of this Survey to German was available. The aim of this work was to translate the original English Survey to German and to validate the translated Survey instrument. After a systematic translation process, we validated the German translation in two higher education settings in two countries (entire data set of n=433 Surveys). By conducting item analysis, reliability analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis, we were able to confirm the reliability and validity of the German CoI Survey. Only one item (CP6) shows cross-loadings on two factors, a finding that was already discussed for the original CoI Survey. To conclude, the validated German version of the CoI Survey is now available.


Author Biographies

Lisa-Maria Norz, UMIT - private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology Institute of Medical Informatics Austria

Lisa-Maria NORZ, BSc, MSc 

Institute of Medical Informatics

Research Assistant

Werner O. Hackl, UMIT - private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology Institute of Medical Informatics Austria

Ass.-Prof. DI Dr. Werner HACKL 

Institute of Medical Informatics

Assistant Professor

Nils Benning, Heidelberg University Institute of Medical Informatics Germany

Nils Benning, M. Sc.
Research Assistant
Institute of Medical Informatics

Petra Knaup-Gregori, Heidelberg University Institute of Medical Informatics Germany

Prof. Dr. sc. hum. Petra Knaup-Gregori

Deputy Head of Institute of Medical Informatics

Institute of Medical Informatics

Heidelberg Germany

Elske Ammenwerth, UMIT - private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology Institute of Medical Informatics Austria



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Section II